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DIABETES

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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a condition that results when the human body fails to produce enough insulin or fails to make proper use of the insulin which is available. This situation will often result in problems because insulin is a rather essential hormone when it comes to the human body.



Insulin performs many functions; it converts sugar, starches as well as other foods into the energy that we need in order to live and go about our daily chores. Diabetes is a big problem the world over; statistics have shown that over 20 million children and adults in the United States suffer from diabetes. Out of this number, over 6 million people are unaware of the fact that they have the condition.



What is the major cause of diabetes?
Well, in reality no one knows the real cause of diabetes but there are a lot of factors which seem to contribute to the condition. The most common of all these factors is genetics. Obesity and lack of exercise, or a poor diet, are just some of the other factors which may lead to diabetes as well.



Proof exists which supports the theory that lifestyle has a great impact on the likelihood of a person developing diabetes or not. Lifestyle can also have an immense impact on the rate of progress of your disease and how bad your symptoms are.



The Different Kinds of Diabetes:
There are Different kinds of diabetes exist. The condition affects millions of people the world over. Current statistics show that there are millions of people who have diabetes and a large number of this population is unaware of the fact that they suffer from the disease.



If anybody you love has been diagnosed with diabetes, it is only natural that you would want to learn as much as possible about the condition so that you can render some assistance in the treatment process. The first thing you will have to know is the kind of diabetes which the person is suffering from.

Four main kinds of diabetes exist and they are:


Type 1 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
Gestational Diabetes
Pre-Diabetes


Just as they differ in nature, they also require different types of treatment, thus it is essential that you understand what exactly you are dealing with.



Type 1:
When Type 1 Diabetes is involved, the problem is that the body fails to produce enough insulin. A lot of people who have diabetes are born with the Type 1 kind of diabetes and this is the sort of diabetes which affects children the most.



Insulin allows glucose to enter into the body and fuel the cells which keep us alive and functioning properly. People, who have Type 1 Diabetes, fail to produce insulin and as a result will not be able to fuel the body properly. Statistics have shown that 5-10% of the people with diabetes have Type 1 Diabetes. Such people will need insulin shots in order to make up for what the body does not produce.



Type 2:
Diabetes occurs when the body fails to use insulin properly, this sort of diabetes is sometimes called insulin resistance and it can be combined with an insulin deficiency in the individual it affects.



The bulk of people who have Type 2 diabetes tend to develop it at any time in their lives but it usually occurs in people who are middle aged and in much older people who are overweight and already have existing health problems.



Gestational Diabetes:
The next type of diabetes, gestational diabetes, occurs in pregnant women. Statistics show that it can occur in 4% of pregnant women in the US- that's around 135,000 people each year. Gestational diabetes only lasts for the duration of the pregnancy but having it can increase the mother's chance of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.



Pre Diabetes:
The last kind of diabetes is pre-diabetes and it is a condition which occurs when a persons glucose level is higher than normal but not necessarily high enough to result in full-blown diabetes. If left untreated, this condition eventually turns into Type 2 diabetes.



Available statistics have shown that about 54 million Americans have pre-diabetes and a huge number of these people are unaware of their condition. In order to ensure that you are free from this condition, it is usually recommended that you take a test early and avoid the consequences of developing full-blown diabetes later in life.



Treatment:
The type 2 diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that is often preventable but sad to say, the condition is on the rise worldwide. Diabetes is now affecting 246 million people and is expected to hit 380 million by 2025. Each year a further 7 million people develop diabetes.



It is now the fourth leading cause of global death by disease. Among the complications of diabetes are heart and blood vessel disease including stroke and heart attack, nerve damage, diabetic retinopathy, and kidney failure.



Diabetes is the largest cause of kidney failure and is responsible for huge dialysis costs. At least 50% of all people with diabetes are unaware of their condition and in some countries this figure may be as high as 80%. However, up to 80% of type 2 diabetes is preventable if we adopt a healthy diet and lifestyle, and increase physical activity.



Even though you are not currently diagnosed with diabetes, you can prevent diabetes from endangering your life. One way to keep this dreadful disease at bay is to constantly monitor your health and diet. Make it a habit to go for a complete blood test at least once a year.



From the results of your lipid profile, take note of the values of triglycerides and the high density lipoprotein (HDL). The triglyceride/HDL ratio should be less than 2. A ratio of more than 2 indicates the tendency of developing diabetes later in life.



According to medical research, insulin resistance is a major factor in the development of the syndrome. When you continually consume sugar, high carbohydrate and high fat diet, your body will become less sensitive to insulin. It compensates by making more insulin. Years later, the pancreas will simply give up. The insulin level drops and the blood sugar begin to rise. Insulin resistance leads to obesity.



In order to prevent and treat diabetes, you have to take note of the following points:
1. Eat a balanced diet by combining good protein and good fat with low glycemic carbohydrates. The protein and fats can be obtained from vegetables and its oils, olive oil, nuts, beans.

It is also available from the cold water fish such as salmon and tuna which are rich in the omega 3 fatty acids. Protein is also available from fowl. Get the carbohydrates from whole fruits and vegetables.

Avoid refined foods. Foods like fiber, brussels sprouts, cucumbers, green beans, soy beans, tofu and garlic have an insulin-like action on the body and should be included in the diet regularly.



2. Ensure that you have plenty of exercise. Exercise will make your body more sensitive to insulin. A brisk walk of 30-45 minutes three times weekly is more than sufficient.



3. Maintain a regular intake of supplements including the following:


Multi vitamins and minerals supplement 1 capsule daily.


Vitamin C 1-2 gm daily
Vitamin E 400 I.U. daily
Selenium 150 mcg daily
Omega 3 capsule 1000 mg daily
Evening primrose capsule 1000mg daily

4. Eliminate coffee, alcohol, smoking, nervous exhaustion, stress and obesity.







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