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What is Vitamin-B3?


Before we discuss the benefits of vitamin B3, we will first briefly discuss what vitamin B3 is.

Vitamin B3, also known as Niacin, works with other B vitamins to release energy into cells. The vitamin helps to regulate circulation, hormones, glucose, and hydrochloric acid. B3 works with riboflavin (B2) and pyroxidine (B6) to encourage healthy skin, and keeps the nervous and digestive systems running well.

Some benefits of Vitamin B3 include its usefulness in treating such dizziness, ringing in the ears, and Raynaud’s Syndrome. It may also alleviate PMS---premenstrual syndrome and cramps, headaches and circulation problems.

More Positive Effects of Vitamin B3:
Vitamin B3 benefits also include the maintenance of healthy skin, lowering of blood pressure, and improvement of circulations. The vitamin may also boost energy levels.

Vitamin B3 and Cholesterol:
One Vitamin B3s significant benefit is it effect on cholesterol. Specifically, Niacin HDL--meaning Vitamin B3 Niacin--may help boost HDL, which is known as the "good" cholesterol.

One study from the Atherosclerosis Research Center, Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare System, Division of Cardiology, University of California at Irvine states "Niacin is the most effective medication in current clinical use for increasing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol."

Dosage:
The recommended daily intake of Vitamin B3 is between 15 to 19 mg for adult men and around 15 mg for adult women. Pregnant or breastfeeding women need a slightly higher amount. Some people might experience a red flushness of the skin after consuming niacin. If this occurs one should slow the intake of this vitamin and allow the body to get used to it.

Vitamin B3 deficiency:
Some precautions concerning B3 are the fact, because both alcohol, and diets low in protein reduce niacin absorption, both alcohol users and vegetarians should consider B3 supplementation.

As with any vitamin, insufficient quantities of Niacin can result in a vitamin deficiency. Symptoms may include general fatigue, absent mindedness, nausea and/or vomiting, skin eruptions or lesions, appetite loss, sores in the mouth, anemia, digestive tract problems and some can even experience trouble while sleeping or relaxing.

A severe deficiency can lead to a condition known as Pellagra. The first symptom can be identified when a person develops lesions on skin that has been exposed to sunlight. This serious condition must be treated immediately.

Pellagra is also characterized by some other skin problems such as dermatitis, skin irritability, diarrhea, gastric problems and problems of the nervous system that may include depression and other forms of mental disturbances.

Vitamin B3 is also sometimes referred to as Vitamin PP (Pellagra Prevention) because it has the ability to prevent this disease.

Precautions:
One risk of taking B3 is that it can aggravate diabetes. Taking too much niacin may create as ”niacin flush," causing tingling, reddening, and possibly itching. Niacin flush results from the e release of histamines; it can be reduced by eating a good meal.

Others who should refrain from taking niacin, unless first talking with their physicians, are pregnant or nursing women those people with a known medical condition, and those individuals with liver disease such as hepatitis C or cirrhosis.

Niacinamide is a form of niacin that usually does not cause a niacin flush and, because of this, is often the form used in quality alternative nutritional supplements.

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